Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Nama / NPM Siti Komariah Salaisek / 11030227
Program Studi Pendidikan Geografi
Pembimbing I Slamet Rianto
Pembimbing II Yuherman
Tahun 2018

Abstrak :

            This study aims to obtain information, analyze and describe data on the Study of Moving Field Communities in Muntei Village, South Siberut Subdistrict, Mentawai Islands District, seen from the determination of location, processing, maintenance, reasons for leaving land, and ownership of land and fields.This type of research is qualitative research, the informants of this study are people who do the shifting cultivation system. The technique for taking informants is snowball (snowball sampling). Data collection was carried out by observation, interview, documentation study and subsequently carried out data analysis techniques namely data reduction, display data, conclusions and data verification. The validity of the data or the trust in the data produced by qualitative research, among others, is done by extending the observation, increasing perseverance in research, triangulation, and discussion with peers. Based on the results of the study found: 1) Determination of the location of shifting fields is that people always determine the location of the land and look for fertile and flat and wide land. 2) Processing of fields, especially land clearing is carried out by penetrating, planting, cutting and further planting. The tools used are still traditional in the form of machetes, axes, hoes, sasangkut, iiklu. The area of land that is processed is not determined to be able to be processed 1-3 ha and processed around 3-5 years. 3) Plant planting and maintenance is carried out without tillage, seeds used from direct seeds, from other people and maintenance of plants in spraying and fertilizers are never carried out. 4) The main reason is reduced soil fertility, seeing other people open new fields he joined too, the results obtained are no longer satisfying so that they have the intention to open new land, the condition of land left untreated before leaving the land is usually planted with old plants such as durian, manau and other fruits. 5) The ownership of land and fields, namely Si Bakkat Laggai and other people who can open fields only have the right to use it, not the property rights of the land.

Keyword :

Moving Field Society in Muntei Village, South Siberut District, Mentawai Islands Regency.

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