Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Nama / NPM Nurtiah Rahma Sari / 14020004
Program Studi Pendidikan Sejarah
Pembimbing I Kaksim
Pembimbing II Meldawati
Tahun 2019

Abstrak :

The purpose of the research is to describe The concept of Islamic State of Iran according to Ayatullah Ruhullah Khomeini and reveal why he chose the concept of Wilayat-al Faqih governance For Iran. The researcher uses four stages of critical historical methods: heuristic, source critism, interpretation and historiography. The result of this research indicate that the concept of Faqih teritorry hasbeen is an ideal model applied in Iran according to Ayatullah Ruhulllah Khomeini. This concept transfers all political and religious authority to Shiah clergy and makes all of state’s key decisions subject to approval by a supreme clerical leader, guardian Islamic Jurist. The revolution in Iran happened because Syah Reza esthablished a monachial dictatorship designed to facilited westernization, that took big impact toward Islamization process in Iran. 

Keyword :

Governance, Religion, Power

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