Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa STKIP PGRI Sumbar

Nama / NPM Meli Yarni / 13070112
Program Studi Pendidikan Sosiologi
Pembimbing I Dr. Maihasni
Pembimbing II Ikhsan Muharma Putra
Tahun 2018

Abstrak :

The background of this studies is tubo that was happened in 2016 given changes regarding the community of life Bayua village. The purpose of this studies is to describe the forms of livelihood that done by Bayua community after the tubo happened.The theory that used was social changes theory by Neil Smelser, studies that used was qualitative approach with descriptive type. Taken of informant utilize purposive sampling technique . total of informants were 27 people. Type of data was primary data and secondary data,. There are three ways to data collection methods: 1. Observation (non participant), 2. Depth interview, 3. Document studies. Data analysis done with data collection technique, reduction data, presentation data and taken the conclusion.The resulted of this studies were the history of tubo occured in Bayua district it is happened in 1997 until 2016, tubo is rises of sulfur content that cause dead fish. Beside that, given feed for fish excessively, it is caused feed or pellet didn’t all eaten by the fish in cageculture, and settle on the bottom of the lake. When rain of the wind remainder of the pellet re-eaten by the fish. Death mass of the fish reached 3.430 ton, and it is caused the farmer of cageculture undergo detriment as big as 120 billion, until the bayua community lost their livelihood. The work that done by community after tubo happened such as mamukek or fish caught in the lake, transportation services (motorcycle taxi driver, angkot driver, trader). Whereas, changes in the social life of the community like: the less activity mutual asistance, lower education, the lack of social relation among other community, community events that are not done anymore such as the events of marriage and death also happened of social mobility.

Keyword :

Livelihood, Social Change, Tubo

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